Visual impairment issues and eye diseases are becoming more and more common. Much like other alignments of the body, problems with vision can be a serious cause of hassle if not looked at properly. One such issue that may arise because of the cataract operation is the Posterior Capsule Opacification or PCO.
PCO is a common but delayed complication of cataract treatment. During the cataract surgery, the lens inside one or both of your eyes become clouded and is removed. Another plastic lens is put inside the membrane, so your vision gets better. Though the surgery has a very small number of complications, a few patients develop a condition where the membrane thickens and becomes cloudy. This causes interference with the light refraction, and so it becomes difficult for the light to reach the back of your eye.
The most common symptoms of PCO are that your sight becomes misty and you experience in bright sunlight or from unnatural lights at night. This is when you’ll need Yag laser surgery. Though it might seem intimidating, it is a day care surgery that you won’t need a lot of time for.
So, let’s see what you can expect to go through if you decide to proceed with the process.
The Yag Surgery Procedure
If you were expecting and dreading the moment when you had to change to scrubs and roll into the operation theatre, then rest assured that you won’t need to go through any of that. The procedure you’re about to go through is completely painless and is completed in a few minutes in the doctor’s office. All you’ll need to do is to visit the outpatient department for approximately half a day, and you’ll be done before you know it.
The procedure also doesn’t require you to fast, and you can eat or drink as much as you want before the surgery begins.
Once you visit the respective department, someone will put in some eye-drops, so your pupil becomes bigger and is easier to view by the ophthalmologist. An anesthetic eye drop will also be used to numb the surface of your eye, so you don’t feel the intensity of the laser. Once your eye is dilated, and the anesthetic starts to work, you’ll sit at a machine (much like the one that is used to examine your eyes routinely). This machine will have a special laser attached to it which will be used to create a small opening in the thin membrane.
Before applying the YAG laser surgery on the membrane, the doctor will put a mirrored lens before your eyes, so he has a clear view of the membrane. Once the surgery is done in about 20-minutes, you’ll be seated in the waiting area, and a nurse will ask you to wait. Either your doctor or nurse will check your eye’s pressure approximately an hour later, and the hole in the capsule will follow shortly after.
Though complications are extremely rare, you should immediately visit your ophthalmologist if you’re experiencing excessive pain, loss of vision, redness in eyes, or flashing lights.